CULTURA CASTREXA PDF

Galego: Extensión e xeografía da Galiza castrexa, xunto con localización das oppida (elaborado a partir de Rodríguez Corral, J. A Galicia. View Academics in Cultura Castrexa on A cultura castrexa (Historia de Galicia) [Francisco Calo Lourido] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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Southern Gallaecians Bracaresescomprising the area of the oppida, were composed of 24 civitates: Bracara Augusta later became the capital of the Roman province of Gallaeciawhich encompassed all the lands once part of the Castro clutura. The major inner feature of cuptura multi-functional undivided cabins were the hearthcircular or quadrangular, and which conditioned the uses of the other spaces of the room.

Although most of the communities of this period had mostly self-sufficient isolated economies, one important change was the return of trade with the Mediterranean by the now independent Carthagea thriving Western Mediterranean power.

Castro culture

The largest number of indigenous deities found in the whole Iberian Peninsula are located in the Lusitanian-Galician regions, and models proposing a fragmented and disorganized pantheon have been discarded, since the number of culfura occurring together is similar to other Celtic peoples in Europe and ancient civilizations.

The worship of these two gods do not overlap but rather complement each other, occupying practically the whole of the western territory of the Iberian Peninsula.

Votive inscription to Cosus: Mining was an integral part of the culture, and it attracted Mediterranean merchants, first Phoenicianslater Carthaginians and Romans. Conceptualising Space and Place: Nabia had double invocation, one male and one female.

Ancient Roman military presence in the south and cu,tura of the Iberian Peninsula since the 2nd century BC would have reinforced the role of the autochthonous warrior elites, with better access to local prestige items and importations. Sometimes, human remains have been found in cists or under the walls, implying some kind of foundational protective ritual.

Cultura castrexa – Picture of Santa Tecla Celtic Village, A Guarda – TripAdvisor

Over this basis worked a Mediterranean current, bringing filigree, granulate and new type of items considered to be feminine: Five main types are produced, all of them in granite stone: Celtici of Arunda Cempsi Mirobrigenses. Gold, iron, copper, tin and lead were the most common ores mined. Pedra Formosa in Castro das Eiras, Portugal.

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While the 1st century BCE represents an era of expansion and maturity for the Castro Culture, under Roman influence and with the local economy apparently powered more than hindered by Roman commerce and wars, during the next century the control of Roma became political and military, and for the first time in more than a millennium new unfortified settlements were established casrexa the plains and valleys, at the same time that numerous hill-forts and cities were abandoned.

Retrieved 2 May Pottery was produced locally in a fastrexa of styles, although wealthier people also possessed imported Mediterranean products. This deity has not been recorded in the same areas as Bandua, Reue and Nabia deities occur, and El Bierzo follows the same pattern as in the coast. This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat Back of a sitting statue Triskelion of the oppidum of Coeliobriga Galicia A ‘severed head’ carving Galicia A fragmentary warrior statue Galicia A selection of motifs and carvings from the oppida region Galicia.

In essence, the main characteristic of this formative period is the assumption by the community of a larger authority at the expense of the elites, reflected in the minor importance of prestige items production, while the collective invested important resources and labour in the communal spaces and defences.

Retrieved from ” https: Despite its name, the network includes, for the time being, only Portuguese partners, and froze the idea to world heritage candidacy to UNESCO, given the disparities in archaeological research, and the necessity to create visitation and promotion conditions. As stated, while Bronze Age economy was based on the exploitation and exportation of mineral local resources, tin and copper and on mass production and long range distribution of prestige items, Iron Age economy was based on an economy of necessity goods, [18] as most items and productions were obtained in situor interchanged thought short range commerce.

Astures were divided in Augustani and Transmontani, comprising 22 populi: While the use of stone for constructions is an old tradition in the Castro culture, dating from the 1st centuries of the 1st millennium BC, sculpture only became usual from the 2nd century BC, specially in the southern half of the territory, associated to the oppida.

Hallstatt D, dated by means of its fibulae from to BC The most notable characteristics of this culture are: Votive sacrificial bronze, with a cauldron and a torc, Museo de Pontevedra.

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Nabia Fountain in Braga. A selection of motifs and carvings from the oppida region Galicia. The Castro culture emerged during the first two centuries of caetrexa first millennium BCE, castrex the region extending from the Douro river up to the Minhobut soon expanding north along the coast, and east following the river valleys, [4] reaching the mountain ranges which separate the Atlantic coast of the Iberian peninsula from the central plateau or meseta.

Universidade de Santiago de Compostela.

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Supporting the idea, no evidence has been found of any women worshipping at any of the monuments dedicated to Cosus. At the same time, these houses and groups tended to occupy most of the internal room of the hill-forts, reducing the communitarian open spaces, which in turn cltura have been substituted by other facilities such as saunas[13] communitarian halls, and shared forges. Pre-Roman peoples established into Spain.

Strabo wrote that the people of northern Iberia cultuar boats made of leather, probably similar to Irish currachs and Welsh coraclesfor local navigation.

The first meeting of Rome with the inhabitants of cadtrexa castros and cividades was during the Punic wars, when Carthaginians hired local mercenaries for fighting Rome in the Mediterranean and into Italy. Main products include tools sickles, hoes, ploughs, axesdomestic items knives and cauldronsand weapons antenna swords, spearheads.

Pre-Roman peoples established into Portugal. Culfura motifs include rosettestriskelionsswastikasspiralsinterlacesas well as palm tree, herring bone and string motives, many of which were still carved in Romanesque churches, and are still used today in local folk art and traditional items in Galicia, Portugal and northern Spain. These villages were closely related to the open settlements which characterized the first Bronze Age, frequently established near the valleys and the richer agricultural lands.

Castro desde arriba – Picture of Parque Arqueoloxico Da Cultura Castrexa, Ourense – TripAdvisor

Wild animals like deer or boars were frequently chased. Views Read Edit View history. Castro metallurgy refined the metals from ores and cast them to make various tools.